For the latest version of boto, see -- Python interface to Amazon Web Services


boto 2.46.1

Released: 20-Feb-2017

Boto 3

Boto3, the next version of Boto, is now
stable and recommended for general use. It can be used side-by-side with Boto
in the same project, so it is easy to start using Boto3 in your existing
projects as well as new projects. Going forward, API updates and all new
feature work will be focused on Boto3.

To assist users who still depend on Boto and cannot immediately switch over, we
will be triaging and addressing critical issues and PRs in Boto in the short
term. As more users make the switch to Boto3, we expect to reduce our
maintenance involvement over time. If we decide on a cutoff date or any
significant changes to our maintenance plan, we will make pre-announcements
well ahead of schedule to allow ample time for our users to adapt/migrate.


Boto is a Python package that provides interfaces to Amazon Web Services.
Currently, all features work with Python 2.6 and 2.7. Work is under way to
support Python 3.3+ in the same codebase. Modules are being ported one at
a time with the help of the open source community, so please check below
for compatibility with Python 3.3+.

To port a module to Python 3.3+, please view our Contributing Guidelines
and the Porting Guide. If you would like, you can open an issue to let
others know about your work in progress. Tests must pass on Python
2.6, 2.7, 3.3, and 3.4 for pull requests to be accepted.


At the moment, boto supports:

  • Compute

    • Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) (Python 3)

    • Amazon Elastic Map Reduce (EMR) (Python 3)

    • AutoScaling (Python 3)

    • Amazon Kinesis (Python 3)

    • AWS Lambda (Python 3)

    • Amazon EC2 Container Service (Python 3)

  • Content Delivery

    • Amazon CloudFront (Python 3)

  • Database

    • Amazon Relational Data Service (RDS)

    • Amazon DynamoDB (Python 3)

    • Amazon SimpleDB (Python 3)

    • Amazon ElastiCache (Python 3)

    • Amazon Redshift (Python 3)

  • Deployment and Management

    • AWS Elastic Beanstalk (Python 3)

    • AWS CloudFormation (Python 3)

    • AWS Data Pipeline (Python 3)

    • AWS Opsworks (Python 3)

    • AWS CloudTrail (Python 3)

    • AWS CodeDeploy (Python 3)

  • Administration & Security

    • AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) (Python 3)

    • AWS Key Management Service (KMS) (Python 3)

    • AWS Config (Python 3)

    • AWS CloudHSM (Python 3)

  • Application Services

    • Amazon CloudSearch (Python 3)

    • Amazon CloudSearch Domain (Python 3)

    • Amazon Elastic Transcoder (Python 3)

    • Amazon Simple Workflow Service (SWF) (Python 3)

    • Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) (Python 3)

    • Amazon Simple Notification Server (SNS) (Python 3)

    • Amazon Simple Email Service (SES) (Python 3)

    • Amazon Cognito Identity (Python 3)

    • Amazon Cognito Sync (Python 3)

    • Amazon Machine Learning (Python 3)

  • Monitoring

    • Amazon CloudWatch (EC2 Only) (Python 3)

    • Amazon CloudWatch Logs (Python 3)

  • Networking

    • Amazon Route53 (Python 3)

    • Amazon Route 53 Domains (Python 3)

    • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) (Python 3)

    • Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) (Python 3)

    • AWS Direct Connect (Python 3)

  • Payments and Billing

    • Amazon Flexible Payment Service (FPS)

  • Storage

    • Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) (Python 3)

    • Amazon Glacier (Python 3)

    • Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS)

    • Google Cloud Storage

  • Workforce

    • Amazon Mechanical Turk

  • Other

    • Marketplace Web Services (Python 3)

    • AWS Support (Python 3)

The goal of boto is to support the full breadth and depth of Amazon
Web Services. In addition, boto provides support for other public
services such as Google Storage in addition to private cloud systems
like Eucalyptus, OpenStack and Open Nebula.

Boto is developed mainly using Python 2.6.6 and Python 2.7.3 on Mac OSX
and Ubuntu Maverick. It is known to work on other Linux distributions
and on Windows. Most of Boto requires no additional libraries or packages
other than those that are distributed with Python. Efforts are made
to keep boto compatible with Python 2.5.x but no guarantees are made.


Install via pip:

$ pip install boto

Install from source:

$ git clone git://
$ cd boto
$ python install


To see what has changed over time in boto, you can check out the
release notes at

Finding Out More About Boto

The main source code repository for boto can be found on
The boto project uses the gitflow model for branching.

Online documentation is also available. The online documentation includes
full API documentation as well as Getting Started Guides for many of the boto

Boto releases can be found on the Python Cheese Shop.

Join our IRC channel #boto on FreeNode.
Webchat IRC channel:

Join the boto-users Google Group.

Getting Started with Boto

Your credentials can be passed into the methods that create
connections. Alternatively, boto will check for the existence of the
following environment variables to ascertain your credentials:


AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY - Your AWS Secret Access Key

Credentials and other boto-related settings can also be stored in a
boto config file. See this for details.